The Yorkshire Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier are two popular breeds of dogs that are often compared to each other. Both breeds are small, active, and intelligent, but there are some key differences between them. In this article, we will compare the two breeds in terms of appearance, temperament, size, exercise needs, grooming needs, health concerns, cost, and which breed is right for you.

Key Aspects

Key Aspects Yorkie (Yorkshire Terrier) West Highland White Terrier (Westie)
Size Small Small to Medium
Coat Length Long Medium
Temperament Lively & Affectionate Friendly & Confident
Exercise Needs Moderate Active
Shedding Level Low Moderate
Life Expectancy 13-16 years 12-15 years
Grooming Needs High Moderate

Differences in Appearance

Yorkshire Terrier:

  • Small, compact body
  • Long, silky coat
  • Pointed ears
  • Black or brown nose

West Highland White Terrier:

  • Small, sturdy body
  • Double coat with soft, dense undercoat and wiry outer coat
  • Round head
  • Black nose

Differences in Temperament

Yorkies are known for being feisty and energetic, while Westies are more laid-back and easy-going. Yorkies can be territorial and protective of their owners, while Westies are more friendly and outgoing. Both breeds are intelligent and trainable, but Yorkies may be more difficult to housebreak.

Differences in Size

Yorkshire Terrier: 7-8 inches tall at the shoulder, 4-7 pounds

West Highland White Terrier: 10-11 inches tall at the shoulder, 13-17 pounds

The Yorkshire Terrier is a smaller breed than the West Highland White Terrier. This difference in size is reflected in their overall appearance, with the Yorkshire Terrier being more delicate and the West Highland White Terrier being more sturdy.

Differences in Exercise Needs

Yorkies are very active dogs and need at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. They enjoy playing fetch, running around in the yard, and going for walks.

Westies are also active dogs, but they do not need as much exercise as Yorkies. They typically need about 20 minutes of exercise per day. They enjoy playing fetch, running around in the yard, and going for walks.

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Overall, both Yorkies and Westies are active dogs that need a moderate amount of exercise. However, Yorkies need slightly more exercise than Westies.

Differences in Grooming Needs

Both Yorkies and Westies are relatively low-maintenance dogs when it comes to grooming. However, there are a few key differences in their grooming needs.

Yorkies have a long, silky coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangles. They should also be bathed every few weeks and have their nails trimmed regularly.

Westies have a shorter, coarser coat that is easier to groom. They only need to be brushed a few times a week and can be bathed less frequently than Yorkies. However, their nails should still be trimmed regularly.

Overall, both Yorkies and Westies are relatively easy to groom, but Yorkies require a bit more maintenance than Westies.

Differences in Health Concerns

Yorkies are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health conditions, including:

  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (a condition that affects the hip joint)
  • Patellar luxation (a condition that causes the kneecap to dislocate)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Ocular problems, such as cataracts and glaucoma
  • Dental problems

Westies are also generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health conditions, including:

  • Hereditary cataracts
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (a condition that causes blindness)
  • Hypothyroidism (a condition that causes low levels of thyroid hormone)
  • Von Willebrand’s disease (a blood clotting disorder)
  • Dental problems

It is important to be aware of the potential health concerns for both Yorkies and Westies so that you can take steps to prevent or manage them.

Differences in Cost

Yorkies typically cost more than Westies, with the average price of a Yorkie puppy ranging from $1,000 to $2,000. Westies, on the other hand, typically cost between $600 and $1,500.

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There are a few factors that contribute to the higher price of Yorkies, including their popularity and the fact that they are often bred by reputable breeders. Westies are less popular than Yorkies and are often bred by backyard breeders, which can lead to lower prices.

Of course, the cost of a dog is not just the initial purchase price. You also need to factor in the cost of food, veterinary care, and grooming. Yorkies and Westies are both relatively low-maintenance dogs, but you can expect to spend around $100 per month on their care.

Overall, the cost of owning a Yorkie is higher than the cost of owning a Westie. However, both breeds are great pets and make wonderful additions to any family.

Which Breed is Right for You?

There is no right or wrong answer when it comes to choosing between a Yorkshire Terrier and a West Highland White Terrier. The best breed for you will depend on your individual needs and lifestyle.

Here are a few factors to consider when making your decision:

  • Size: Yorkies are smaller than Westies, so they may be a better option for people who live in apartments or have small homes.
  • Energy level: Westies are more active than Yorkies, so they may be a better option for people who are looking for a dog that will keep them on their toes.
  • Grooming needs: Yorkies require more grooming than Westies, as they have longer hair that needs to be brushed regularly.
  • Health concerns: Both breeds are generally healthy, but Yorkies are more prone to certain health conditions, such as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and portosystemic shunt.

Ultimately, the decision of which breed is right for you is a personal one. By considering your individual needs and lifestyle, you can make the best choice for both you and your new furry friend.

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FAQs Before Purchasing a Yorkie or Westie

1. Which breed is more suitable for families with kids?

Both breeds can be great with kids if socialized early. However, Westies tend to be more sturdy and less fragile than Yorkies, making them slightly more suitable for households with young children.

2. How often do these breeds need grooming?

Yorkies, with their long, silky hair, require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. In contrast, Westies have a double coat that requires less frequent grooming but seasonal shedding management.

3. Which breed is more adaptable to apartment living?

Both breeds can adapt well to apartment living provided they get their daily exercise. However, Yorkies, being smaller, may find it easier to navigate in limited spaces.

4. Are these breeds prone to any specific health issues?

Like all breeds, both have their specific health concerns. Yorkies might be prone to dental issues, while Westies can sometimes suffer from skin conditions. Regular vet check-ups are essential to ensure they remain healthy.

5. Which breed is more trainable and obedient?

Both breeds are intelligent, but Westies can sometimes exhibit a more independent streak. With consistent training, however, both breeds can be well-behaved and obedient.

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